Class A Glossary of Terms

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Class A Glossary of Terms

If you are using the Oliver Wight Class A Standard for Business Excellence, Seventh Edition or the Class A Checklist for Business Excellence Sixth Edition you may find the definitions of any of these terms useful.  Choose the first letter of the term for a selection of terms begining with that letter.  Then click on the term to read its definition.

A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z  

 

 

 

A

ABC CLASSIFICATION

ABNORMAL DEMAND

ACTION MESSAGE

ACTIVITY BASED COSTING (ABC)

ACTIVITY BASED MANAGEMENT (ABM)

ADVANCED PLANNING AND SCHEDULING

AGILITY

AGGREGATE PLANNING

ALLOCATION

ALTERNATE ROUTING

ANDON

ANTICIPATED DELAY REPORT

ASSEMBLE-TO-ORDER PRODUCT

ASSUMPTIONS

ATO

AUTOMATIC RESCHEDULING

AVAILABLE CAPACITY

AVAILABLE-TO-PROMISE (ATP)

 

 

 

B

BACKFLUSH

BACKHAULS

BACKLOG

BACK SCHEDULING

BATCH MANUFACTURING

BALANCED SCORECARD / BALANCED SUITE OF MEASURES

BENCHMARKING

BEST PRACTICES

BIAS

BILL OF MATERIAL

BILL OF RESOURCES

BLOW-THROUGH

BOTTOM UP REPLANNING (BURP)

BREAKTHROUGH JIT/TQC PILOT

BUCKETED SYSTEM

BUCKETLESS SYSTEM

BUDGET / ANNUAL PLAN

BULK ISSUE

BUSINESS

BUSINESS BASED COMPETITIVE PRIORITIES

BUSINESS PLAN

BUSINESS MATURITY

 

 

 

C

CAD/CAM

CAPACITY PLANNING

CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS PLANNING (CRP)

CAPABILITY TO PROMISE

CARRIER SHARING

CELLULAR MANUFACTURING

CHANGE AGENTS

CHANGE CONTROL PROCESS

CHANGE CONTROL RULES

CHARTER

CLOSED-LOOP MRP

COACHING

COLLABORATION

COLLABORATIVE

COMMODITY GROUP

COMMON PARTS BILL OF MATERIAL

COMMUNICATIONS FRAMEWORK

COMPANY

CONSTRAINED FORECAST

CONSUMPTION DEMAND

CONTINGENCY PLANNING

CONTINUOUS FLOW PRODUCTION

CONTINUOUS REPLENISHMENT

CORE COMPETENCIES

CORE PROCESSES

CORRECTIVE ACTION

COST DRIVERS

CPFR

CROSS DOCKING

CUMULATIVE LEAD TIME

CUSTOMER CONNECTIVITY

CUSTOMER SATISFACTION

CYCLE COUNTING

 

 

 

D

DAMPENERS

DATA INTEGRITY

DATA MASTER

DATA MANAGEMENT

DATE EFFECTIVITY

DEMAND

DEMAND MANAGEMENT

DEMAND PULL (See KANBAN)

DEMONSTRATED CAPACITY

DEMONSTRATED PERFORMANCE

DEPENDENT DEMAND

DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURABILITY (DFM)

DIAGNOSTIC REVIEW

DISCRETE ISSUE INVENTORY TRANSACTION PROCESSING

DISPATCH LIST

DISPATCHING

DISTRIBUTION CENTER

DISTRIBUTION NETWORK

DISTRIBUTION REQUIREMENTS PLANNING

DISTRIBUTION RESOURCE PLANNING (DRP)

DYNAMIC DATA

DYNAMIC LOT SIZING

 

 

 

E

EARNED HOUR

ELECTRONIC DATA INTERCHANGE (EDI)

ELIMINATION OF WASTE

EMPLOYEE ATTITUDE SURVEY

EMPLOYEE WELFARE

EMPOWERMENT

END-TO-END SUPPLY CHAIN

ENGINEER TO ORDER (ETO)

ENTITY

ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY (EOQ)

ENGINEER-TO-ORDER PRODUCT

ENGINEERING CHANGE

ENTERPRISE

ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP)

‘e’ PROCUREMENT

EXTERNAL SETUP TIME

EXTENDED SUPPLY CHAIN

EXTENDED ENTERPRISE TEAM

 

 

 

F

FABRICATION/ASSEMBLY PLANT

FAIL-SAFE MINI-DRP

FAST TRACK IMPLEMENTATION

FINAL ASSEMBLY SCHEDULE (FAS)

FINITE LOADING

FINITE SCHEDULING

FIRM PLANNED ORDER (FPO)

FIXED ORDER QUANTITY

5S

FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS (FMS)

FLOW MANUFACTURING

FLOW SHOP

FOCUS FORECASTING

FORECAST CONSUMPTION

FORECAST ROLL

FOUR SIGMA

 FRONT END ARRANGEMENTS

 

 

 

G

GAINSHARING

GATEWAYS

GENERALLY ACCEPTED MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

GOOD NEIGHBOR

GROSS HOURS

GROSS REQUIREMENTS

GROUP TECHNOLOGY

 

 

 

H

HEDGE

HORIZONTAL DISPLAY

 

 

 

I

INDEPENDENT DEMAND

INFINITE LOADING

INPUT/OUTPUT CONTROL

INTERNAL SETUP TIME

INTERPLANT DEMAND

INVENTORY TURNOVER

INTEGRATED MEASURES

INTER STEP LINKS

ITEM RECORD

ISO 9000

 

 

 

J

JOB SHOP

JUST-IN-TIME

 

 

 

K

KANBAN

KITTING

KNOWLEDGE WORKERS

KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

 

 

 

L

LEAD TIME

LEAD TIME OFFSET

LEAN

LEARNING ORGANIZATION

LEVEL

LOAD

LOAD FACTOR

LOAD PROFILE

LOAD SHARING

LOGISTICS

LOGISTICS PLANNING

LOT-FOR-LOT

 

 

 

M

MACHINE LOADING

MAKE-TO-ORDER PRODUCT

MAKE-TO-STOCK PRODUCT

MANAGEMENT BY EXCEPTION

MANUFACTURING RESOURCE PLANNING (MRP II)

MANUFACTURING STRATEGY

MASTER PLANS

MASTER PRODUCTION SCHEDULE (MPS)

MASTER SCHEDULE ITEM

MASTER SCHEDULER

MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS PLANNING (MRP)

MATERIALS MANAGEMENT

MATRIX ORGANIZATION

MAXIMUM DEMONSTRATED CAPACITY

MEAN TIME BETWEEN FAILURES

MEAN TIME TO REPAIR/RECOVER

MENTORING

MERCHANDISE PLANNING

MISTAKE-PROOFING

MIXED MODEL MASTER SCHEDULING

MODULAR BILL OF MATERIAL

 

 

 

N

NET CHANGE MRP

NET REQUIREMENTS

NEW PRODUCT

NON-VALUE ADDING STEPS

 

 

 

O

ON-HAND BALANCE

OPEN ORDER

OPTIMIZATION

ORDER

ORDER ENTRY

ORDER POINT

ORDER PROMISING

ORDER QUANTITY

ORGANIZATION

OUTSOURCING

 

 

 

P

PARETO’S LAW

PARTNERSHIP

PEGGING

PERFECT ORDER

PERIOD ORDER QUANTITY

PHANTOM

PHANTOM BILL (OF MATERIAL)

PHASE IN / PHASE OUT

PICKING

PICKING LINEARITY

PICK LIST

PLANNED ORDER

PLANNED CAPACITY

PLANNER/BUYER

PLANNING BILL (OF MATERIAL)

PLANNING HORIZON

POKA-YOKE

PROCESS PLANT

PROCESS BASED STRUCTURE

PROCESS TEAMS

PRODUCTION PLAN

PRODUCTION PLANNING

PROJECTED AVAILABLE BALANCE

PSEUDO

PULL SYSTEM

PUSH SYSTEM

 

 

 

Q

QUALITY AT THE SOURCE

QUALITY OF LIFE

QUEUE

QUEUE TIME

QUICK SLICE MRP

 

 

 

R

REGENERATION MRP

REPETITIVE MANUFACTURING

REQUIRED CAPACITY

RESCHEDULING ASSUMPTION

RESERVED CAPACITY

RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS PLANNING

ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS

ROUGH CUT CAPACITY PLANNING

ROUTING

 

 

 

S

SAFETY STOCK

SAFETY TIME

SALES AND OPERATIONS PLANNING

SALES PLAN

SCHEDULE

SCHEDULED RECEIPTS

SCRAP FACTOR

SENIOR MANAGEMENT

SERVICE PARTS

SERVICE LEVEL AGREEMENTS (SLA)

SHARED LEARNING

SHOP FLOOR CONTROL

SHOP ORDER CLOSE-OUT STATION

SHRINKAGE FACTOR

SILENCE IS APPROVAL

SIMULATION

SINGLE-MINUTE EXCHANGE OF DIE (SMED)

SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP

SKILL-BASED COMPENSATION

SKILL SET

SORTATION SYSTEMS

SPINS

STAGE CHECKPOINTS

STANDARD HOURS

STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL (SPC)

STOCKLESS PRODUCTION

STOCK LEVELS

STRATEGIC BUSINESS OBJECTIVES (SBO)

STRATEGIC INITIATIVES

SUPPLIER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT

SUPPLIER SCHEDULER

SUPPLIER SCHEDULES

SUPPLIER SCHEDULING

SUPPLY CHAIN

SUPPLY CHAIN MODELLING

SUPPLY POINTS

SUPPLY PUSH

SUPPLY STRATEGY

SYNCHRONIZATION LEVELLING

 

 

 

T

TEAMWORK

TECHNICAL

TECHNOLOGY

TIME BUCKET

TIME FENCE

TIME-PHASED ORDER POINT

TIME ZONES

TIME ZONE RULES

TOP MANAGEMENT TEAM

TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP

TOTAL PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE (TPM)

TRADING PARTNERS

TRADING PARTNER COLLABORATION

TRANSPORTATION ROUTING

TWO-LEVEL MASTER SCHEDULE

 

 

 

U

UNIFORM CODE COUNCIL (UCC)

U-LINES

UPPER QUARTILE PERFORMANCE

 

 

 

V

VALUES STATEMENT

VALUE PROPOSITION

VALUE STREAM MAPPING

VELOCITY

VENDOR SCHEDULER

VENDOR SCHEDULING

 

 

 

W

WASTE

WORK CENTER

WORK IN PROCESS (WIP)

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Y

YIELD FACTOR

 

 

 

Z

ZERO INVENTORIES